Canada | Melbourne Mercer Global Pension Index : Melbourne Mercer Global Pension Index



Canada’s retirement income system comprises a universal flat-rate pension, supported by a meanstested income supplement; an earnings-related pension based on revalued lifetime earnings; voluntary occupational pension schemes (many of which are defined benefit schemes); and voluntary individual retirement savings plans.

The overall index value for the Canadian system could be increased by:

  • increasing the coverage of employees in occupational pension schemes through the development of an attractive product for those without an employer-sponsored scheme
  •  increasing the level of household savings for middle income earners
  • increasing the labour force participation rate at older ages as life expectancies rise

Progressive Results:

Year Overall Adequacy Sustainability Integrity
2017  66.8 69.9 55.4  77.7
  The Canadian index value increased slightly from 66.4 in 2016 to 66.8 in 2017 due to the introduction of improved governance guidelines and the allowance for voluntary occupational pension plans, which were partly offset by the inclusion of the new economic growth question in the sustainability sub-index.
2016  66.4 68.0 58.8  74.5
  The Canadian index value fell from 70.0 in 2015 to 66.4 in 2016 primarily due to a reduction in the net replacement rate.
2015 70.0 79.4 56.2 74.3

The Canadian index value increased from 69.1 in 2014 to 70.0 in 2015 primarily due to recognition of a minimum access age partly offset by a decrease in the sustainability sub-index score.

2014 69.1  75.0  58.6 74.3

The Canadian index value increased from 67.9 in 2013 to 69.1 in 2014 primarily due to improved scores in the adequacy sub-index.

2013 67.9 72.4 57.9 74.5
  The Canadian index value fell from 69.2 in 2012 to 67.9 in 2013 primarily due to lower household savings and the strengthening of questions in the integrity sub-index.
2012 69.2 74.2 56.3 79.3
  The Canadian index value increased slightly from 69.1 in 2011 to 69.2 in 2012 reflecting the positive impact of increasing the State pension age and the increase in assets which was offset by the negative impact of a reduction in the coverage of private pension plans as measured by the OECD.
2011 69.1 74.1 55.8 79.7
  The Canadian index value fell slightly from 69.9 in 2010 to 69.1 in 2011 due a small decline in every sub-index.
2010 73.2 76.2 64.2 80.9
  The Canadian index value fell from 73.2 in 2009 to 69.9 in 2010 due, in part, to the decline in asset values in 2008 expressed as a percentage of GDP and the increase in government debt, both which were caused by the global financial crisis.
2009 69.9 75.0 56.8 80.1

Media 2016:

Canada’s retirement system receives B grade from global pension index

Canada’s retirement system gets a B from global pension index

Media 2015:

Media 2014:


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Link to Victorian Government (Victoria Online) the Mercer Australian website Australian Centre for Financial Studies